In-depth articles written by our editorial team focusing on the latest developments in materials science and technology
This article provides an overview of laser heat treatment, how it works, the various techniques and processes involved, key applications across industries, and the future outlook for this rapidly evolving technology.
Differential absorption LiDAR (DIAL) is an advanced laser remote sensing technique that can accurately measure the concentration and distribution of pollutants, greenhouse gases, and industrial emissions.
This article discusses the importance of geometrical optics, recent developments in this field, and the application of geometrical optics for light propagation analysis in microscale structures, specifically multi-mode fibers.
Raman spectroscopy requires a concentrated source of light, such as a laser, to generate a Raman signal from a sample. The characteristics of the Raman excitation laser/Raman laser primarily affect the quality of the Raman spectrum.
In an article recently published in the journal Applied Physics Express, researchers designed and fabricated a human-safe transverse quasi-phase-matched (QPM) aluminum nitride (AlN) channel waveguide with vertical polarity inversion that can kill pathogens on surfaces.
This article explores how key optical methodologies are applied to inspection, metrology, and analysis at various stages of semiconductor research, development, and volume manufacturing.
Infrared spectroscopy is a powerful analytical tool that was pioneered in the early 20th century. It analyzes samples by exploring interactions between matter and electromagnetic radiation in the infrared region. Today, the technique is used in both quantitative and qualitative analyses in a wide range of industries to study the chemical and molecular properties of a substance.
With advanced resolutions reaching sub-angstrom levels, electron microscopy provides direct visualizations of catalyst particles, support structures, and pores that complement spectroscopic and diffraction methods. When integrated with elemental analysis techniques, a comprehensive picture of catalytic systems can be built up from the microscopic level.
Electron microscopes are widely employed in laboratories worldwide to investigate structures too small to see with optical microscopes alone. Current trends are influencing the direction and growth of the market for electron microscopes, especially in the life sciences sector.
Atomic force microscopy's (AFM) nanoscale imaging and measurement capabilities allow researchers to gain molecular-level insights into membrane morphology, fouling, surface interactions, and performance under simulated water treatment conditions. These unique capabilities make AFM instrumental in understanding and optimizing the membranes and barriers central to water purification technologies.