Optics 101

Biomedical Optics and Biophotonics, The Use of Optics and Biophotonics Technology In Medical and Health Applications, Diagnostics and Treatment

Medical Fields That Benefit From Photonics and Optics
Noninvasive Diagnostics
Lasers
Genomic Sequencing
Biomedical Imaging
Cutting Edge BioOptics and Biophotonics
Light Activated Therapies

Optics and photonics has a strong history in medical research and diagnostics. From the earliest forms of microscopy, the medical applications of optics has developed into modern products and techniques like laser treatments, spectroscopy, modern microscopy, high resolution imaging and even remote diagnostics using fibre optic communications.

Medical Fields That Benefit From Photonics and Optics

The specialist medical fields that benefit from optics and biophotonics advancements include, but are not limited to, neurosurgery, endoscopic surgery, medical imaging, cardiology, and pharmaceuticals.

Noninvasive Diagnostics

Noninvasive diagnostics techniques that use modern optics include techniques that are largely non-invasive when compared with older methods. These techniques include endoscopy and ingestible cameras.

Lasers

Medical lasers are used in eye surgery, dentistry and for cancer removal. Lasers are also a very important tool in dermatology and cosmetic skin treatments.

Genomic Sequencing

Light driven techniques are behind genomic sequencing technology. This knowledge of our bodies genetic makeup aids in new drug developments and better disease treatments.

Biomedical Imaging

Biomedical imaging has come a long way since the first use of x-ray images in the late 19 th century. Modern medical imaging still strongly relies upon x-rays but other advancements include fluoroscopy, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Computed Axial Tomography (CAT or CT scan), Positron Emission Tomography (PET) and projection radiography as well as the use of advanced microscopy techniques and equipment like Atomic Force Microscopes.

Cutting Edge BioOptics and Biophotonics

The cutting edge of biooptics and biophotonics include the use of atomic force microscopes to directly manipulate cell membranes, laser manipulation of proteins and advanced imaging techniques like OCT (optical coherence tomography) and CT (computed tomography).

Light Activated Therapies

Light activated therapies covers a range of therapies including the use of light to stimulate wound healing through to photodynamic cancer therapy.

Source: AZoOptics

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