For those who've reached the age when reading a newspaper means holding it at arm's length or fumbling for reading glasses, wavefront-optimized lens technology may offer a better solution, according to data presented at the recent American Academy of Ophthalmology's 2006 Joint Meeting.
The Internet is often called the information superhighway, but the real superhighway is the optical fiber that connects computers around the world at the speed of light, according to John Badding, Penn State associate professor of chemistry.
Advanced Electronic Packaging has helped thousands of students and practicing engineers understand the complex task of connecting integrated circuits and other electronic components to make virtually every electronic device, including cell phones, video games, computers and military- and medical-imaging equipment.
Cornell University researchers have created a broadband light amplifier on a silicon chip, a major breakthrough in the quest to create photonic microchips.
In efforts that can improve studies of biological objects and the construction of nanotech materials, researchers at the University of California-Berkeley have invented "optoelectronic tweezers," a new way of controlling nanometer-scale objects.
Peter Zoller, professor of physics at the University of Innsbruck and scientific director of the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information at the Austrian Academy of Sciences, has won the Dirac Medal 2006.
In an effort to combine sophisticated laser and Internet technologies, scientists in Australia have successfully performed laser surgery and "optical trapping" in a Southern California laboratory via the Internet.
Increasing interest has focused recently on ways of drastically slowing light or, more precisely, the speed of laser data pulses - and a joint USC/Duke University team has just reported improvements in a way to do this in a flexible and controlled manner.
"Black gold" is not just an expression anymore. Scientists at the University of Rochester have created a way to change the properties of almost any metal to render it, literally, black.
Using laser pulses that last just 70 femtoseconds (quadrillionths of a second), physicists have observed in greater detail than ever before what happens when atoms collide.
In what promises to be an important advance, researchers at the University of California, Santa Barbara have developed a novel laser by bonding optical gain layers directly to a silicon laser cavity.
A UC Irvine ophthalmologist and his team have invented a new laser-surgery technique to perform cornea-transplant surgery that can replace the use of traditional handheld surgical blades and potentially improve recovery time for patients.
A University of Central Florida research team has made a substantial inroad toward establishing extreme ultraviolet light (EUV) as a primary power source for manufacturing the next generation of computer chips.
Aiming to help the military better coordinate rescues of missing aid workers and other complex missions, researchers at the University of Central Florida's Institute for Simulation and Training will study how hastily assembled teams process information and solve problems.
Researchers at the University of California, Santa Cruz, have performed atomic spectroscopy with integrated optics on a chip for the first time, guiding a beam of light through a rubidium vapor cell integrated into a semiconductor chip.