Ytterbium oxide is a highly insoluble and thermally stable ytterbium source that is suitable for ceramic, optic and glass applications. Ytterbium-doped glasses and laser crystals have a simple electronic level structure, small quantum defect, long upper-state lifetimes and large gain bandwidth.
Ytterbium oxide lasers have high thermal conductivity, and hence they are ideal for performing high-power operations. Haumesser et al. investigated the spectroscopic and laser properties of seven new ytterbium-doped crystalline materials and found that the materials have large emission tunability range.
Ytterbium oxide lasers are used in micromachining, ultrashort pulse research, implants, ablation and other high-power applications.